Concentration of chromite by means of magnetic carrier using sodium oleate and other reagents

Ucbas Y., BOZKURT M. M. V., BİLİR K., Ipek H.

Physicochemical Problems of Mineral Processing, vol.50, no.2, pp.767-782, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 50 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.5277/ppmp140228
  • Journal Name: Physicochemical Problems of Mineral Processing
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.767-782
  • Keywords: chromite, serpentine, magnetite, magnetic carrier, sodium oleate, zeta potential, FTIR, MINERAL SEPARATION, FLOTATION, ADSORPTION, SERPENTINE, SPECTROSCOPY, PRINCIPLES, MECHANISM, TAILINGS, FINES, IRON
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


Chromite recovery was studied using a magnetic carrier technology. Heavy media grade magnetite was used as the magnetic carrier. The effect of various reagents such as sodium oleate (NaOl) as a collector and carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) as well as quebracho tannin as depressants on chromite removal was investigated. The effects of pH and reagent dosages were also determined. First, the zeta potential measurements were performed for different minerals in the absence and presence of NaOl, and then magnetic carrier tests were carried out under conditions based on zeta potential measurements. The magnetic carrier tests performed in the case of individual minerals (i.e. single minerals) showed that chromite (recovery of 95.1%) could be separated from serpentine (recovery of 3.2%) whereas it could not be separated from olivine. The best chromite concentrates containing 42.1% Cr2O3 were obtained with a 76% recovery from a synthetic mixtures of chromite and serpentine under optimum test conditions, that is at pH 10.5, 5.10-5 M NaOl, 20 g/Mg CMC, 0.5 g magnetite and 500 g/Mg kerosene (the feed contained 27% Cr2O3). Slime tailings of Turkish Maadin Company, Kavak Chrome Concentrating Plant in Eskisehir, which contain fine chromite, serpentine and olivine, were also investigated. It was found that chromite could not be satisfactorily recovered from the original slime sample in the presence and absence of NaOl by using the magnetic carrier technology. Additional FTIR studies performed with the investigated minerals showed that NaOl adsorption on chromite was greater than that on serpentine and magnetite minerals. It was also found that NaOl adsorption on serpentine is significantly reduced in the presence of magnetite while it increases only slightly on chromite.