Fatty acid composition of seed oils of twelve Salvia species growing in Turkey


Azcan N., Ertan A., Demirci B., Baser K.

CHEMISTRY OF NATURAL COMPOUNDS, vol.40, no.3, pp.218-221, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

Abstract

Seed oils of 12 Salvia species collected from different regions in Turkey (S. albimaculata Hedge & Hub. -Mor., S. candidisima Vahl., S. cedronellaBoiss., S. cryptanthaMontbret &Aucherex Bentham, S. forskahlei L., S. fruticosa Miller (Sin. S. triloba L Fil), S. halophila Hedge, S. hypargeia Fisch. & Mey., S. sclarea L, S. tomentosa Miller, S. tchihatcheffli (Fisch. & Mey.) Boiss., S. virgata Jacq.) were obtained by Soxhlet apparatus using hexane. The oil yields werefound to be between 2.0% and 20.9%. Fatty acids in the oils were converted to methyl esters and determined by GC/MS in methyl ester form. The main fatty acid components of S. halophila, S. hypargeia, and S. sclarea are unsaturated oleic, linoleic, and linolenic acids. In others except S. candidissima, the dominant acids are oleic, linoleic and palmitic acids.