Synthesis, characterization, and voltammetric hydrogen peroxide sensing on novel monometallic (Ag, Co/MWCNT) and bimetallic (AgCo/MWCNT) alloy nanoparticles

Kazici H. C., Salman F., Caglar A., Kivrak H., Aktaş N.

Fullerenes Nanotubes and Carbon Nanostructures, vol.26, no.3, pp.145-151, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier


© 2018 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.Multiwall carbon nanotube supported (MWCNT) Ag, Co, and Ag-Co alloy nanocatalysts were synthesized at varying metal loadings by borohydride reduction methods without stabilizers to obtain enhanced hydrogen peroxide sensitivity. The resulting materials were characterized employing Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). For electrochemical measurements carried out cyclic voltammetry (CV) and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV), glassy carbon electrode (GCE) was modified with Ag/MWCNT, Co/MWCNT, and Ag-Co/MWCNT alloy nanoparticles. Ag-Co/MWCNT/GCE exhibited the highest performance toward electrochemical oxidation of H2O2 in 0.1 M phosphate buffered solution (PBS). Furthermore, the sensitivity and the limit of detection values for Ag-Co/MWCNT/GCE were obtained as 57.14 µA cm−2 mM−1and 0.74 µM, respectively. However, the sensitivity values for Ag/MWCNT/GCE, and Co/MWCNT/GCE are 41.66 and 13.88 µA cm−2 mM−1, respectively. The LOD values were predicted as 1.84 µM for Ag/MWCNT/GCE and 3.3 µM for Co/MWCNT/GCE. In addition, the interference experiment indicated that the Ag-Co/MWCNT alloy nanoparticles have good selectivity toward H2O2.