Genetic modification of plant hormones induced by parasitic nematodes, virus, viroid, bacteria, and phytoplasma in plant growing

Bozbuğa R., Arpacı B. B., Uluışık S., Gök Güler P., Yildiz H. N., Yalcin Ates S.

in: Plant Hormones - Recent Advances, New Perspectives and Applications, Christophe Hano, Editor, IntechOpen, London, 2022

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Research Book
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Publisher: IntechOpen
  • City: London
  • Editors: Christophe Hano, Editor
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


Plant hormones such as auxin play crucial roles in many plant developmental processes, which is crosstalk with gibberellin and strigolactone. The roles of hormones may vary in biosynthesis of metabolisms. During the pathogen attack, including plant-parasitic nematodes, viroid, phytoplasma, virus, and bacteria, plant hormones are involved in several plant processes.  Ethylene (ET), salicylate (SA), jasmonate (JA), and abscisic acid (ABA) primarily regulate synergistically or antagonistically against pathogens.  Those pathogens: nematodes, bacteria, viroid, phytoplasma, virus regulate several plant hormones for successful parasitism, influencing the phytohormone structure and modifying plant development. Several genes are related to plant hormones that are involved in pathogens parasitism. In this chapter, how pathogens affect plant hormones in plants growing are discussed