Algorithms for perforator-based flaps in different anatomical locations

Ekinci C.

Journal of Health Sciences and Medicine, vol.5, no.4, pp.1023-1029, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 5 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.32322/jhsm.1120364
  • Journal Name: Journal of Health Sciences and Medicine
  • Journal Indexes: Directory of Open Access Journals, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.1023-1029
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


ABSTRACT Introduction: Perforator-based flaps can be planned in any anatomic location in the body when there is a detectable perforator. Although preoperative perforator mapping ensures safety and versatility of these flaps, there is no consensus yet about flap planning in different anatomical locations. Material and Method: 28 patients underwent perforator-based flap surgery for different anatomical locations as face (5), sternum (3), back (5), lomber (4), sacral (4) and scrotal (4) areas, leg (2) and foot (1). 19 of the patients were male while 9 were female. The mean age was 58.1±13.5 (22-80 years). Perforator-based flaps were planned as V-Y design in face, sacral and scrotal areas while as perforator plus transposition flaps for lomber area, leg and sternum. On the other hand, for foot the flap was planned as subcutaneous-pedicled turnover flap. Results: The mean follow-up time was 10 months (3-36 months). Partial flap necrosis is seen in all 3 patients who had underwent flap surgery on the lower extremity. There were no other complications seen in short- or long-term follow-ups. Comorbid diseases were not statistically significant on complications rates (P>0.05). Conclusion: V-Y flap for the face and the sacral area; and perforator plus transposition flap for back ,lomber area and sternum are suggested as the ideal flap modifications for these anatomical locations. On the other hand, perforator-based flaps should not be used as a first choice in reconstruction of lower extremity defects. Keywords: Perforator-based, versatility, flap modification, planning