Islamic Banking and Economic Growth in the Dual Banking System

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Sekmen T.

Optimum Ekonomi ve Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi, vol.8, no.1, pp.183-196, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Journal Name: Optimum Ekonomi ve Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi
  • Journal Indexes: TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.183-196
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


This study aims to determine the effect of Islamic banking on economic growth in Turkey by comparing it with conventional banking. In the study, the quarterly time series covering the period 2005Q4 to 2018Q4 and the Autoregressive Distributed Lag Model (ARDL) developed by Pesaran, Shin and Smith (2001) are used. According to the estimated long-run coefficients from ARDL model, the elasticity of the GDP with respect to the conventional banking credit and Islamic banking credit is equal to 0.106 % and 0.016 %, respectively. The estimates of the model confirm that conventional banks provide more contribution than Islamic banks to economic growth in Turkey. However, Islamic banking has still a very small part of the financial system in Turkey.Therefore, the development and encouragementof more Islamic financial instruments can strengthen relationship between Islamic finance and economic growth while increasing the share of Islamic finance in the financial system.