Turkish Adaptation of Perceptions of Empowerment in Midwifery Scale: Validity and Reliability Study


Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, vol.7, no.1, pp.28-34, 2018 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier


The aim of this study is to adapt the Perception of Empowerment in Midwifery Scale (PEMS), developed by Mathews and et al. in 2005, to Turkish. The population of the research consists of 135 midwives who work in Amasya Public Health Directorate, Amasya District Hospitals and Eskisehir State Hospital Women's Birth Department and who have accepted to participate in the study. In the collection of the data, a questionnaire with professional and personal information and Perceptions Of Empowerment In Midwifery Scale were used. The obtained data were evaluated using the SPSS package program. Findings related to construct validity of the scale were made using exploratory factor analysis method. The average age of the participants was 38.93 ± 6.94 and the average year they worked as a midwife was 18.64 ± 8.27 years. Reliability study of the Turkish form of the scale was made with Cronbach Alfa and the internal consistency value of the scale was found to be 0.823. In addition, the analyses show that Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin value of 0.763 and Bartlett Sphericity %60 the related scale are explained. The items with factor loads are between 0.4 and 0.84. The Turkish version of the relevant scale consists of 4 subdimensions according to the exploratory factor analysis. The Perceptions of Empowerment in Midwifery Scale can be used by different researchers in Turkey.