Objective: To assess angiogenesis in preinvasive and invasive cervical lesions and its prognostic value in squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Methods: Twenty-seven cervical intraepithelial lesions (CIN I, II and III), 27 Stage Ib-IIa SCC and 12 normal cervical epithelium were included in the study. Clinico-pathological prognostic factors were re-evaluated from the patients' files and previous tissue sections. Microvessel density (MVD), a marker for angiogenesis, was assessed from new tissue blocks by an immunohistochemical staining method. Statistical tests included Kruskall-Wallis analysis, the Mann-Whitney U-test, Fisher's exact t-test to analyse the categorical data and Cox regression and Kaplan-Meier survival analyses to define the effect of prognosticators on survival. Results: CIN II and III lesions had significantly higher MVD counts than normal epithelium and CIN I lesions, both of which had similar MVD count. Compared to preinvasive lesions invasive SCC had significantly higher MVD counts. Among SCC cases, only pelvic lymph node involvement appeared to be independent risk factor on unvariate analysis. However, MVD, as a cut-off value of 21 determined by ROC analysis, was found to be an independent prognosticator in early stage SCC cases by multivariate analysis. Conclusion: Despite the small number of enrolled cases, the results of this study suggest that angiogenesis involved in the development and progression of cervical neoplasms and MVD might be used as a prognostic factor.