Essential Oil Composition of Gmelina arborea Roxb., Verbenaceae, From Nigeria


Moronkola D. O. , Ogunwande I. A. , BAŞER K. H. C. , ÖZEK T., ÖZEK G.

JOURNAL OF ESSENTIAL OIL RESEARCH, cilt.21, sa.3, ss.264-266, 2009 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 21 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2009
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/10412905.2009.9700165
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF ESSENTIAL OIL RESEARCH
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.264-266

Özet

The chemical composition of the fruit oil of Gmelina arborea Roxb., Verbenaceae, was examined by capillary gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). One hundred components were identified which accounted for 92.7% of the oil including 24 trace compounds. The ubiquitous terpenes occurred in lesser amount. The fruit oil was characterized by the abundance of (Z)-3-hexenol (17.9%), 1-octen-3-ol (8.4%) and hexanol (6.1%) among the aliphatic alcohols; heptacosane (5.6%), pentacosane (3.8%) and I-pentacosene (3.2%) among the hydrocarbons; and nonanal (8.7%) and (E)-2-decenal (3.0%) as the main aldehyde constituents.