Naringenin Ameliorate Carbon Tetrachloride-Induced Hepatic Damage Through Inhibition of Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress and Autophagy in Rats

Akyıldız Üstüner D., Kolaç U. K. , Üstüner M. C. , Tanrıkut C., Özdemir Köroğlu Z., Burukoğlu Dönmez D., ...More

JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL FOOD, vol.23, no.11, pp.1192-1200, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1089/jmf.2019.0265
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.1192-1200
  • Keywords: autophagy, ER stress, hepatotoxicity, naringenin, ER-STRESS, STELLATE CELLS, ANTIOXIDANT, APOPTOSIS, MICE, INFLAMMATION, RESISTANCE, LIFE
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


Hepatic fibrosis emerges upon exposure of liver to various chemicals and if not treated, it develops various diseases such as cirrhosis and cancer. Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) is a widely used toxin in animal models to develop hepatic fibrosis. Accumulation of unfolded proteins in cells causes stress in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and various mechanisms are involved in the cell to reduce the damage caused by these unfolding proteins. The most well known of these is the unfolded protein response. Further, autophagy works to remove these proteins if the damage cannot be repaired and is permanent. In our study, we investigated the effects of naringenin (NRG), a flavanon abundant in citrus fruits, on ER stress and autophagy in CCl4-injured rat liver. The animals were given 0.2 mL/kg of CCl4 for 10 days and treatment group was administered 100 mg/kg of NRG for 14 days. Histopathological examination was performed to show liver damage and to determine the therapeutic properties of the active substance. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis was carried out to establish cell level damage and effect of treatment. In addition, levels of ER stress and autophagy markers of liver were measured. According to our findings, TEM demonstrated positive effect of NRG and histological examinations reported ameliorative effects. In addition, NRG reduced levels of ER stress markers and inhibited autophagy significantly compared to CCl4-treated group. As a result, NRG significantly reduced damage in hepatocytes and provided a significant amelioration.