ISE/ISHNE Expert Consensus Statement on ECG Diagnosis of Left Ventricular Hypertrophy: The Change of the Paradigm. The joint paper of the International Society of Electrocardiology and the International Society for Holter Monitoring and Noninvasive Electrocardiology

Bacharova L., Chevalier P., GÖRENEK B., Jons C., Li Y., Locati E. T., ...More

Journal of Electrocardiology, vol.81, pp.85-93, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 81
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jelectrocard.2023.08.005
  • Journal Name: Journal of Electrocardiology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CINAHL
  • Page Numbers: pp.85-93
  • Keywords: ECG, Left ventricular hypertrophy, New paradigm
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


The ECG diagnosis of LVH is predominantly based on the QRS voltage criteria, i.e. the increased QRS complex amplitude in defined leads. The classical ECG diagnostic paradigm postulates that the increased left ventricular mass generates a stronger electrical field, increasing the leftward and posterior QRS forces. These increased forces are reflected in the augmented QRS amplitude in the corresponding leads. However, the clinical observations document increased QRS amplitude only in the minority of patients with LVH. The low sensitivity of voltage criteria has been repeatedly documented. We discuss possible reasons for this shortcoming and proposal of a new paradigm.