CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND MID-TERM FOLLOW-UP FINDINGS IN CHILDREN WITH ISOLATED COMPLETE HEART BLOCK: A SINGLE-CENTER TEN-YEAR EXPERIENCE


Sülü A., Kafalı H. C. , Genç S. B. , Onan I. S. , Haydin S., Güzeltaş A., ...More

AEPC 2022 - 55th Annual Meeting of the Association for European Paediatric and Congenital Cardiology , Geneve, Switzerland, 25 - 28 May 2022, pp.480

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Geneve
  • Country: Switzerland
  • Page Numbers: pp.480
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND MID-TERM FOLLOW-UP FINDINGS IN CHILDREN WITH ISOLATED

COMPLETE HEART BLOCK: A SINGLE-CENTER TEN-YEAR EXPERIENCE

Ayse Sulu1, Hasan Candas Kafali1, Serhat Bahadir Genc2, Ismihan Selen Onan2, Sertac Haydin2, Alper

Guzeltas1, Yakup Ergul1

1Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Saglik Bilimleri University M. Akif Ersoy Thoracic and

Cardiovascular Surgery Center, Istanbul, Turkey

2Department of Pediatric Cardiovascular Surgery, Saglik Bilimleri University M. Akif Ersoy Thoracic

and Cardiovascular Surgery Center, Istanbul, Turkey

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Isolated complete atrioventricular block (CAVB) is a rare disease often

associated with maternal autoantibodies. It may occur with or without structural heart disease.

Although some of the patients are diagnosed in the prenatal and neonatal periods, the diagnosis

rate in childhood is quite high. In this study, we aim to present the data of our patients diagnosed

with isolated CAVB.

METHODS: In this study, we evaluated 108 patients diagnosed with isolated CAVB between 2011 and

2021. Demographic data of the patients, electrocardiography, echocardiography, 24-hour Holter

monitoring data and follow-up and complications of the patients who underwent pacemaker

implantation were evaluated retrospectively from hospital records.

RESULTS: The mean age at diagnosis of the patients was 5.51±5.05 years. At the time of diagnosis,

74.8% of the patients had no symptoms associated with AV block. The most common symptom was

fatigue. 25% of the patients were diagnosed in the first month of life. Echocardiography were normal

in 42 patients, left ventricle (LV) dilatation in 14 patients at baseline. Mitral valve regurgitation was

mild in 48 patients, significant in one, and moderate in 2 patients. Pacemaker implantation was

needed in 87 patients during follow-up. The most common pacemaker implantation indication was

significant bradycardia. The mean battery life was 5.41±2.65 years, Replacement-free period of 68

patients who underwent pace implantation and continued their follow-up was 4.18±2.89 (0.1-10)

years. The replacement-free period was 98.5% in the 1st year, 85% in the 5th year, 74.5% in the 7th

year. Pacemaker-related complications developed in 8 patients during follow-up. LV dysfunction

developed (dyssynchrony induced) in 3 patients at follow-up, and all were paced from the right

ventricle anterior wall. All of these patients underwent cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) and

LV dysfunction improved.

CONCLUSIONS: Isolated CAVB is a rare disease requiring careful clinical follow-up. Patients are often

asymptomatic and the most common indication for pacemaker implantation is significant

bradycardia. LV dysfunction is an important cause of morbidity, especially in patients with right

ventricular anterior wall pacing. Physicians should be aware of LV dysfunction during follow-up. CRT

should be considered as a treatment option for LV dysfunction.