The Crisis Of Social Legitimacy in the Middle East

Okumus E.

Dinbilimleri Akademik Arastirma Dergisi-Journal of Academic Research in Religious Sciences, vol.16, no.3, pp.9-36, 2016 (ESCI) identifier


People living in many countries in Middle Eastern, especially in Syria, Iraq, Yemen, Egypt, Libya, Afghanistan, Palestine, Tunusia, Sudan and Lebanon make struggle for existence either by continuing their residence or by emigrating, either by taking part and coflicting in one side of the conflict or by staying out of the conflict among the widespread conflicts in which each one of regional, national, local and global actors are ifluental separately or in cooperation in different formats. In such a chaotic social universe, the social legitimacy of political movements, religious movements, sects, denomination, state actors and nonstate actors is among the most notable issues. Because a web of chaos and uncertainty that the conflict is very effective exists in the middle, it can be claimed that serious legitimacy loss and crisis happen in sociological background. This work tries to understand goings on in the Middle East in the axis of the legitimacy crisis. As known, both the states and non-governmental organizations and actors must continually obtain legitimacy from society in a healthy manner to find presence in society and find a place for them in the social reality. Because they achieve the necessary legitimacy, society need to see valid their makings, leaderships, leadership mechanism, relation styles, justice percept and systems etc. That is, it is essential for society to come to an agreement with them and to approve their stance and makings; otherwise legitimacy loss and crisis arise. The increasing legitimacy loss makes legitimacy crisis deep. This situation directs society new quests, chaos, conflict, or vice versa compromise, conflict-resolution, peace, etc. The aim of this research is to examine the Middle East where has become a center of evil problem and serious legitimacy crisis for the Islamic societies in terms of social legitimacy, but taking the axis of the legitimacy crisis with the sociological perspective.