Powerful Actor and Hesitant Institutionalization: The State in the History of Turkish Football

KOÇ U., Ozen-Aytemur J., ERDEMİR E.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF THE HISTORY OF SPORT, vol.33, no.16, pp.1904-1920, 2016 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 16
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/09523367.2016.1269754
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1904-1920
  • Keywords: New institutional theory, state, football, institutionalization of fields, Turkey, FORMAL-STRUCTURE, COMPETITION, TURKEY, ORGANIZATIONS, CONSTRUCTION, DIFFUSION, INDUSTRY, POLICIES, FIELDS, RISE
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


We examine the validity of the assumptions of the new institutional theory about the state over the history of national football league as an institutional field in Turkey. The state is not out of the field, on the contrary, at the centre of the field, and is not an ordinary actor but the most important one although the intensity of the state's impact changes from time to time. Sometimes, the state founds the football clubs and administrates them directly, decides who will be the champion; and sometimes, authorizes the regulative agency and gives autonomy. However, despite the state's coercive power on the ground, the Turkish football field is still far from being fully institutionalized with its fluctuating structure.