The Security Problems Shadowed By Uprisings Around Duzce And Its Neighborhood During The Turkish National Struggle


CTAD-CUMHURIYET TARIHI ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI, vol.7, no.13, pp.54-69, 2011 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 7 Issue: 13
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.54-69
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


Turkish national struggle has a dual facade with its internal and external dimensions. The phase of internal uprisings of this struggle, which was primarily a war waged against foreign occupants, is the hardest stage. During the internal uprisings, mostly rooted in the lack of a national army and the absence of state authority, Anatolia fall into an absolute turmoil. The pioneers of the national movement spent their utmost effort to extend this struggle throughout the country and to materialize their national salvation, on the one hand, and faced a serious counter campaign backed by the Istanbul government against this struggle, on the other hand. As a result of the latter, in fact, throughout Anatolia, more than about 20 uprisings broke out. Owing to the absolute lack of state authority, seirous security problems were expreienced and people, deprived of the safety of their life and properties, were exposed to grave hardship. To suppress these uprisings, taking into account the nature, the selfdiscipline and the ultimate goal of the national struggle, was an undisputable necessity. To overcome the difficulty, on the other hand, was extremely difficult. The increasing spread of the security problems rendered any solution to the problem more difficult. In this research, hoping to make a contribution to the social history of the Turkish national struggle, the above mentioned chaotic environment, partially true for all of the country, was examined on the regional basis of Duzce and its vicinity.