Anodic Behavior of tungsten in H3PO4-K2SO4-H2SO4/KOH solutions


Anik M.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY, vol.26, no.6, pp.915-924, 2002 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2002
  • Title of Journal : TURKISH JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY
  • Page Numbers: pp.915-924

Abstract

Potentiodynamic and potentiostatic polarizations were used to study the effect of pH on the anodic reaction characteristics of tungsten (W) in a very broad pH range (0.4-13). The open circuit potential was observed to decrease with a constant slope of 58 mV/pH, as pH increased. The oxide phase of W showed typical amphoteric surface behavior in the acidic regime. The oxide dissolution went through a minimum at pH 2.5, which was identified as the point of zero charge (pzc) of W-oxide. The oxide dissolution below the pzc was H+-assisted and above the pzc was OH--assisted. At around the pzc the main dissolution pathway was H2O-assisted dissolution. In basic solutions, in the pH range 7 to 10.5, the hydrated oxide phase dissolution was pH independent. In very basic solutions (above pH 10.5), the dissolution rate of W was observed to increase as pH increased.