Seed Longevity Potential Predicted by Radicle Emergence (RE) Vigor Test in Watermelon Seed Cultivars

Eren E., Ermiş S., Öktem G.

Horticulturae, vol.9, no.2, pp.1-11, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 9 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/horticulturae9020280
  • Journal Name: Horticulturae
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-11
  • Keywords: artificial seed aging, germination, hybrid seed storage, cucurbit, MEAN GERMINATION TIME, SINGLE COUNT, LOTS, DETERIORATION, PHYSIOLOGY, REPAIR, PERIOD, CROPS, PLANT
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


The study was conducted to test whether radicle emergence (RE) would correlate with the storage potential of ten seed lots of watermelon (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. and Nakai) hybrid cultivars (>98% normal germination). The RE test was performed by frequent counting radicle emergence (2 mm) percentage between 34 h and 60 h after germination was set up at 25 °C in the dark. Seed longevity was hermetically determined by artificial storage of seeds (air and waterproof) at 17 ± 0.3% of seed moisture and at 35 ± 2 °C over 63 days. Twelve seed samples were taken out during aging, and seed survival curves were constructed based on normal germination percentages conducted at 25 °C for seven days in the dark. The seed longevity criterion was P50 (time for the germination to fall to 50%), which was determined through probit analysis by using survival curves. Correlation analysis showed that RE counts at 42 h during germination were highly correlated (p < 0.01) with initial seed quality, Ki (r = 0.7538), and the half-viability period, P50 (r = 0.7936). Pre-storage normal germination percentages of seed lots were not related to longevity. Results showed that the RE vigor test has the potential to predict longevity in highly germinating hybrid watermelon seed lots.