Effects of Surfactin, a Promising Carbonate Ore Collector, on the Physicochemical Properties of Magnesite Surface


Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration, vol.40, no.1, pp.1-12, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s42461-022-00709-7
  • Journal Name: Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-12
  • Keywords: Bacillus subtilis, Biosurfactant, Bioflotation, Magnesite flotation, Surfactin, Sodium oleate, RHODOCOCCUS-OPACUS, FLOTATION, BIOFLOTATION, DOLOMITE, BIOSURFACTANT, DEPRESSANT, SEPARATION, QUARTZ
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


© 2022, Society for Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration Inc.In carbonate flotation, oleate has been used for many years as a collector in industrial scale. Compared to sulfide minerals, the flotation of carbonate minerals requires more collector consumption and has lower yield and selectivity. It has been previously shown that surfactin provides higher yields in smaller amounts than oleate in the bioflotation of calcite as one of the carbonate minerals. In this study, the usability of surfactin as a flotation collector for magnesite was investigated. For this purpose, the adsorption of surfactin on the magnesite surface was inspected with analyses such as FTIR, SEM–EDS, contact angle, and zeta potential measurements. In addition, the effect of surfactin on the surface tension of water was also revealed. The same analyses were also performed for oleate as a reference point. All flotation experiments were performed without optimizing with both collectors. FTIR results showed that the surfactin, like oleate, was chemically adsorbed on the magnesite surface. Surface tension analyses showed that the surface tension of water decreased to approximately 32 N m−1 at 10−4 M oleate concentration, and this value decreased to below 25 N m−1 at the same surfactin concentration. According to contact angle measurement results, the contact angle of magnesite was 85° after the surfactin adsorption of 2 × 10−4 M concentration, while this value remained at 46° for oleate. Finally, according to flotation experiments, high temperatures and high collector dosages are necessary for acceptable flotation recovery with oleate, yet surfactin can produce the desired result at ambient temperatures and lower collector amounts. Graphical Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]