Computed tomography findings of primary serous papillary carcinoma of the peritoneum in women

Kebapci M., YALÇIN Ö. T., Dundar E., Ozalp S., Kaya T.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF GYNAECOLOGICAL ONCOLOGY, vol.24, no.6, pp.552-556, 2003 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2003
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.552-556
  • Keywords: primary peritoneal papillary serous carcinoma, computed tomography, CA-125, MESOTHELIOMA, OVARY
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


With the aim to describe preoperative computed tomography (CT) findings, the clinical, histopathological, and CT findings of the 12 consecutive patients with a confirmed diagnosis of primary peritoneal serous papillary carcinoma (PPSPC) were retrospectively evaluated. Of the 12 patients with a mean age of 57.5 +/- 10.3 years, ten (83.3%) were postmenopausal. Serum Ca-125 levels were elevated in all patients. Ten (83.3%) had Stage III and two (16.7%) patients had Stage IV disease and none of the excised ovaries bad deep parenchymal involvement. The most common CT findings were the omental (n = 11), mesenterial (n = 11) and parietal peritoneal involvements (n = 10), and variable amount of ascites (n = 10). Pelvic peritoneal involvement in four (33.3%) patients was so extensive that it resembled a mass in the Douglas pouch. Thickening of the wall of gastrointestinal viscera (n = 9), lymphadenopathy (n = 5) and pleural effusion (n = 5) were the other CT findings and calcification was seen in only three (25.0%) patients. Although none of them was characteristic, CT features of diffuse peritoneal, omental and mesenterial involvement especially in middle-aged or elderly postmenopausal women with normal-size ovaries in the absence of an identifiable primary site in conjunction with elevated level of serum CA-125 should suggest the possibility of PPSPC.