Monitoring of bisphenol A diglycidyl ether (BADGE) and some derivatives in fish products in the Turkey market

Toptancı İ., Kıralan M., KETENOĞLU O., Ramadan M. F.

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH, vol.29, no.35, pp.52788-52795, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 35
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11356-022-19587-z
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, IBZ Online, ABI/INFORM, Aerospace Database, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, Environment Index, Geobase, MEDLINE, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.52788-52795
  • Keywords: BADGE, Chlorinated derivatives, Hydrolyzed derivatives, Seafood, BFDGE, NOGE, Novolac glycidyl ether, CANNED FOODS, BFDGE, MIGRATION
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


The exposure to bisphenols and their derivatives was assessed in 33 fish products sold in Turkey using high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). BADGE was determined in only four samples at concentrations ranging between 0.06 and 0.22 mg/kg. As the most abundant bisphenol groups, BADGE-hydrolyzed products such as BADGE center dot H2O and BADGE center dot 2H(2)O were present in nine and fourteen samples in the range between 0.06-0.16 and 0.06-0.72 mg/kg, respectively. The total concentration of BADGE and hydrolyzed products was below the specific migration limit (SML) value of 9 mg/kg food, which in the European Union stated as tolerable. Chlorinated derivatives of BADGE were detected in fewer samples compared with hydrolyzed ones. BADGE center dot H2O center dot HCl was the predominant migrant among chlorinated derivatives and was present in seven samples in a range between 0.02 and 0.06 mg/kg. All other samples contained less than or equal to 0.03 mg/kg of BADGE center dot HCl and BADGE center dot 2HCl. The sum of these derivatives was lower than the SML value (1 mg/kg) of BADGE chlorohydrins legislated by the European Union. Besides these migrants, the analyzed samples did not contain any BFDGE and 3R-NOGE, which are prohibited in manufacturing food contact materials.