PROBIOTICS AND ANTIMICROBIAL PROTEINS, vol.13, no.3, pp.720-733, 2021 (SCI-Expanded)
Celiac disease (CD) is a chronic autoimmune disease that occurs in genetically predisposed individuals. Gluten-hydrolyzing probiotic bacteria are promising for alleviating symptoms in individuals with CD. Therefore, in this study, the gluten hydrolysis ability and probiotic potential of Lact. brevis KT16-2 were determined. Lact. brevis KT16-2 formed proteolysis zones on gluten and gliadin agar plates, in which gluten and gliadin were used as the only nitrogen sources. SDS-PAGE analysis showed that Lact. brevis KT16-2 completely hydrolyzed peptides ranging from 28 to 66 kDa in 8 h. Then, the survival of the strain in bile salts, in simulated gastric juice and at low pH was determined. Additionally, the antioxidant and antimicrobial substance production, autoaggregation, hydrophobicity and antibiotic resistance of the strain were investigated. API-ZYM test kits were used to determine the enzymatic capacity of the strain. Lact. brevis KT16-2 had the ability to hydrolyze wheat gluten. It was able to survive in a broad pH range (pH 2-8), in bile salts (0.3-1%), and in simulated gastric juice. It had the ability to autoaggregate (59.4%), and the hydrophobicity (52.7%) of the strain was determined. In addition, this strain was capable of producing antimicrobial peptides against test bacteria, including antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Cell-free supernatants (CFS) of the strain had high antioxidant activity (DPPH-71.0% and ABTS-54.1%). The results of this study suggest that Lact. brevis KT16-2, which can hydrolyze gliadin and has many essential probiotic properties, has the potential to be used as a probiotic supplement for individuals with CD.