Pruritus of the vulva is a common symptom among patients attending to outpatient clinics. In the present study, we aimed to assess pathologies causing vulval pruritus in the reliability of biopsy in a tertiary referral centre. A total of 137 patients undergoing vulval colposcopy because of vulval pruritus were reviewed from the hospital records retrospectively. The mean age of the patients was 47.61 +/- 11.88 years and 36.5% of the patients were postmenopausal. In 101 (73.7%) of the patients, macroscopic lesions were present. In 88 (64.2%) of the patients, tolidine-positive stained areas were determined under colposcopy. In total, 68 (49.6%) of the lesions were plain, whereas 51 (37.2%) of them were depigmented. Lichen simplex chronicus, lichen sclerosis and chronic inflammation were the major pathologies associated with vulval pruritus (25.5%, n = 35; 20.4%, n = 28; 14.6%, n = 20). In conclusion, several pathologies out of vulvovaginal candidiasis may lead to vulval pruritus and clinicians should be aware of the importance of biopsy in determining the underlying pathology.