Determination of phenolic compounds in Aronia melanocarpa genotypes grown in Turkey


POLAT M., Guclu S., Okatan V. , ERCİŞLİ S., ÖZAYDIN A. G. , Colak A., ...More

Oxidation Communications, vol.40, pp.131-137, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Title of Journal : Oxidation Communications
  • Page Numbers: pp.131-137

Abstract

Aronia is a genus of deciduous shrubs, the chokeberries, in the family Rosaceae, native to eastern North America and most commonly found in wet woods and swamps. The sour berries can be eaten raw off the bush, but are more frequently processed. They can be found in wine, jam, syrup, juice, soft spreads, tea, salsa, chili starters, extracts, beer, ice cream, gummies and tinctures. Aronia melanocarpa (black chokeberry) is more recently introduced to Turkey as a fruit. Thus, this study was conducted in order to determine the phenolic compounds of chokeberry fruit first time in Turkey. Gallic acid, protocatechic acid, p-hydroxy benzoic acid, chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, syringic acid, benzoic acid, o-coumaric acid, rutin, eriodictiol were found in chokeberry fruits. Phenolic compounds of chokeberry fruits varied between 0.15 ppm (ocoumaric acid)-43.71 ppm (chlorogenic acid). Chlorogenic acid is dominant phenolic (43.72-43.65 ppm) followed by protocatechic acid (16.34 ppm) and rutin (4.53 ppm).