The basicities and nucleophilicities along with prototautomerism of biologically active oxazolidin-4-one and its thio and azo analogs were investigated by semi-empirical methods. The oxo and thion protonation were found to be easier than that of azo protonation for 4-oxo and 4-thion derivatives whereas amino protonation was found to be easier than imino and azo protonation in 4-imino derivative. The preferred tautomeric form for 4-oxo and 4-thion derivatives were found to be the keto and thion forms, respectively, whereas the amino form was found to be preferred in 4-imino derivatives. An acceptable correlation between gas phase proton affinities and aqueous phase acidity constants as well as the correlation between nucleophilicity and acidity constants was observed. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.