Influence of Cryogenic Treatment on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Ti6Al4V Alloy

Çakır F. H., Çelik O. N.

JOURNAL OF MATERIALS ENGINEERING AND PERFORMANCE, vol.29, no.10, pp.6974-6984, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11665-020-05177-y
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.6974-6984
  • Keywords: characterization, cryogenic treatment, mechanical properties, Rietveld analysis, Ti6Al4V, XRD, WEAR-RESISTANCE, RESIDUAL-STRESS, ALPHA-PHASE, BETA-PHASE, TI-6AL-4V, TITANIUM, EVOLUTION, RATES, TOOL
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


Cryogenic treatment is an emerging application that can make significant changes in many materials. In this study, shallow (- 80 degrees C) and deep (- 196 degrees C) cryogenic treatment was applied to Ti6Al4V alloy. Additionally, aging treatment and supplementary deep cryogenic treatment were also performed. Tensile tests were done to observe the effects of cryogenic treatment on the mechanical properties and formability of Ti6Al4 alloy. According to the results of these tests, it was observed that the cryogenic treatment had a positive influence on the plasticity properties of Ti6Al4V alloy. For the 24-h and 36-h deep cryo-treated samples, the uniform plastic deformation region (UPDR) was extended 5 and 8.3% compared to untreated sample, respectively. However, this improvement in plasticity observed in samples treated with cryogenic treatment for 36 h led to a decrease in yield strength by 2%. Microstructural and XRD analysis was performed to characterize the microstructural changes that happened with the effect of applied heat treatments. The characterization study shows that with the application of cryogenic treatment internal structure of the material changed, the beta phase ratio of the alloy decreased from 8.1 to 5.6% with 36-h deep cryogenic treatment. The unstable beta phase was transformed into alpha phase and stable beta phase. The experimental study shows that cryogenic treatment improves the plasticity and toughness of Ti6Al4V alloy at room temperature and regulates the microstructure and reduces the residual stress.