Discrepancy between ultrasonographic and radiographic findings in patients treated for developmental dysplasia of the hip; hip maturation on ultrasonography may not be consistent with radiographic hip maturation

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Atalar H., Gunay C., Turanli S., Koktener A.

JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC ORTHOPAEDICS-PART B, vol.29, pp.228-234, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/bpb.0000000000000654
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.228-234
  • Keywords: congenital hip dysplasia, diagnostic ultrasound, hip joint, radiography, PAVLIK HARNESS TREATMENT, DISLOCATION, INFANTS, FAILURE, RISK
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


Currently, hip sonography is used for early diagnosis and for monitoring developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) treatment in many countries. An early pioneer of ultrasonography for early diagnosis of DDH was Graf. Based on the Graf approach, hip ultrasonography is more sensitive and specific than radiography for the diagnosis of DDH, because of its capability to show cartilaginous structures of the hip joint. The aim of this study was to compare radiographic and ultrasonographic findings in patients treated for DDH. This study included 88 infants (98hips) treated for DDH. Radiography was simultaneously used for treatment and follow-up evaluation in addition to ultrasonography after six months of age. A retrospective evaluation was made of the ultrasonographs and radiographs of these infants. Of the total 98 hips, 28 were normal both ultrasonographically and radiographically, and a pathologic hip was demonstrated in 32 hips both sonographically and radiographically. Hip ultrasonography showed abnormal development in 32 hips, while radiography showed abnormal development in 70 hips. In 38 hips, the findings were normal according to ultrasonography but pathological according to radiography. There were no hips that were normal radiographically but pathological sonographically. When radiography is accepted as the standard imaging method in our study patients, the sensitivity and specificity of hip ultrasonography were determined as 45.7% [95% confidence interval (CI): 41.5-45.7] and 100% (95% CI: 89.4-100), respectively. These findings suggest that hip maturation apparent on ultrasonography may not be consistent with radiographic hip development in infants treated for DDH.