Gravity Approach Applied to Central Asian Migration Flow

Çetin C.

Göç Araştırmaları Dergisi, vol.5, no.2, pp.190-214, 2019 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 5 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Journal Name: Göç Araştırmaları Dergisi
  • Page Numbers: pp.190-214
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


This essay attempts to discuss empirical results on determinants of international migration stock from the perspective of destination countries, Turkey and Russia, and applies the gravity model of migration to statistically test the migration stock from Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan Tajikistan, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan and Pakistan) for ten years periods between 1990 and 2013. This paper does not aim to describe historical events or bilateral relations between the Central Asian States with Turkey and Russia. The findings of the study unveil that area and population of the destination country, the distance between countries, difference in GDP, historical and cultural ties with the Soviet Union influence migration stock in Turkey and Russia.

Keywords: Gravity Approach, Central Asia, Turkey, Russia, Corridor Country, Migration