INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, vol.36, no.2, pp.1568-1577, 2011 (SCI-Expanded)
MgNi, Mg-0.9(M)(0.1)Ni and Mg-0.8(M)(0.2)Ni (M = Al, B, Ti, Zr) type alloys were synthesized by mechanical alloying and their electrochemical hydrogen storage characteristics were investigated. X-ray diffraction studies showed that although 15 h milling was enough to obtain amorphous/nano-crystalline MgNi alloy structure, the dissolution of all Ni in the main phase required at least 25 h milling. The discharge capacities of alloys were observed to increase sharply up to 15 h milling. Further increase up to 25 h did not cause change in the discharge capacities considerably. Titanium improved MgNi alloy discharge performance significantly. Although Al deteriorated the initial discharge capacity of MgNi alloy, it improved the alloy capacity retention rate. Despite the absence of any positive effect of B, Zr had limited positive effect on the alloy cyclic stability. It was estimated that up to 80% discharge level there was no considerable degradation by the anodic reaction in MgNi alloy since uncharged MgNi alloy stayed in the cathodic regime. (C) 2010 Professor T. Nejat Veziroglu. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.