Comparison of four-implant-retained overdentures and implant-supported fixed prostheses using the All-on-4 concept in the maxilla in terms of patient satisfaction, quality of life, and marginal bone loss: a 2-year retrospective study


Mumcu E., Dayan S. Ç. , Genceli E., Geckili O.

QUINTESSENCE INTERNATIONAL, vol.51, pp.388-396, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 51
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.3290/j.qi.a44368
  • Journal Name: QUINTESSENCE INTERNATIONAL
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, DIALNET
  • Page Numbers: pp.388-396
  • Keywords: edentulous maxilla, implant, marginal bone loss, patient satisfaction, quality of life, SURVIVAL, OUTCOMES
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of the present study was to compare and assess maxillary edentulous patients treated with four-implant-retained overdentures and with implant-supported fixed prostheses using the All-on-4 concept in terms of patient satisfaction, oral health-related quality of life, and marginal bone loss. Method and materials:Thirty-three patients treated with either maxillary four-implant-retained overdentures (n = 15) or with maxillary implant-supported fixed prosthesis using the All-on-4 concept (n = 18) were compared in terms of patient satisfaction, quality of life, and marginal bone loss. Independent sample t test was used to compare the two groups in terms of satisfaction, OHIP-14 scores, and marginal bone loss. The paired sample t test was used to compare bone loss at different time intervals. The comparison of marginal bone loss with regard to implant location was accomplished with the one-way ANOVA test. P values of < .05 were considered as statistically significant. Results: No statistically significant differences were found between the two groups' OHIP-14 scores (P> .05). When patient satisfaction scores were evaluated, hygiene maintenance (P= .001) and pain scores (P= .001) were significantly higher in the implant-retained overdenture group than in the implant-supported fixed prosthesis group (P < .05). No statistically significant difference was observed between axial and tilted implants at both the 12-month (P = .59) and 24-month (P=.77) follow-up periods in the implant-supported fixed prosthesis group. Conclusion: Four-implant-supported fixed prostheses with the All-on-4 concept and four-implant-retained overdentures present similar marginal bone loss and quality of life scores after 2 years of function. However, patients found overdentures easier to clean but more painful in comparison with the fixed prosthesis.