Comparison of vitamins K1, K2 and K3 effects on growth of rat glioma and human glioblastoma multiforme cells in vitro.

Oztopçu P., KABADERE S., Mercangöz A., Uyar R.

Acta neurologica Belgica, vol.104, no.3, pp.106-10, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 104 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Journal Name: Acta neurologica Belgica
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.106-10
  • Keywords: glioma, K vitamins, cell proliferation, MTT assay, in vitro, HEPATOMA-CELLS, TUMOR-CELLS, MENADIONE, TOXICITY, ASSAYS, MTT, EXPRESSION, ASTROCYTES, PROTEINS, ANALOGS
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


Glioblastoma multiforme is characterized as highly invasive and rapidly growing astrocytomas, and scientists have sought for efficient treatment against malignant gliomas for a long time. Therefore, we compared the respond of rat glioma (C6) and glioblastoma multiforme cells derived from two patients to vitamins K1, K2 and K3. The cells were exposed to 100, 250, 500, 750 and 1000 μM of vitamins K1 and K2, and 1, 10, 25, 50, 75 and 100 μM of vitamin K3 for 24 hours in an incubator atmosphere of 5% CO2, 37°C and 100% humidity. Cell viability was estimated by MTT assay. Vitamin K1 showed no growth effect on all the glioma cells examined. Vitamin K2 did not cause any change in number of C6, however induced growth inhibition in a dose-dependent manner on glioblastoma multiforme. The IC50 values of vitamin K2 were 960 μM and 970 μM for glioblastoma multiforme, respectively. Vitamin K3 had also growth inhibitory effect in a dose-dependent manner on both C6 and glioblastoma multiforme. The IC50 values were 41 μM, 24 μM and 23 μM for vitamin K3, respectively. We concluded that vitamin K3 is more effective than vitamin K2 for inhibition of cancer cell growth, and might have an alternative value as an anticancer drug against glioblastoma multiforme.