Synthesis and aqueous solution properties of near-monodisperse tertiary amine methacrylate homopolymers and diblock copolymers


Bütün V., Armes S., Billingham N.

POLYMER, vol.42, no.14, pp.5993-6008, 2001 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42 Issue: 14
  • Publication Date: 2001
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/s0032-3861(01)00066-0
  • Journal Name: POLYMER
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.5993-6008
  • Keywords: homopolymers, copolymers, DMA, GROUP-TRANSFER POLYMERIZATION, LIVING ANIONIC HOMOPOLYMERIZATION, ZWITTERIONIC BLOCK-COPOLYMERS, CROSS-LINKED MICELLES, NEUTRON REFLECTIVITY, AIR/WATER INTERFACE, OXYANIONIC POLYMERIZATION, MOLECULAR-WEIGHT, WATER, POLYAMPHOLYTES
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Group transfer polymerisation (GTP) of four tertiary amine methacrylates, 2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate (DMA), 2-(diethylamino)ethyl methacrylate (DEA), 2-(diisopropylamino)ethyl methacrylate (DPA) and 2-(N-morpholino)ethyl methacrylate (MEMA) produced a series of near-monodisperse homopolymers (Mw/Mn < 1.15). Molecular weights were controlled by varying the monomer/initiator ratio. The DMA and MEMA homopolymers were both water-soluble at 20C in acidic or neutral media. Inverse temperature solubility behaviour was observed at higher temperatures, with cloud-points ranging from 32 to 53 degreesC at pH 8. The Cloud-points decreased monotonically with increasing degrees of polymerisation, as expected. The MEMA homopolymers were particularly sensitive to the added electrolyte, with 'salting out' occurring at 20 degreesC on addition of 0.2-0.3 M Na2SO4. The more hydrophobic DEA and DPA homopolymers were both insoluble at 20 degreesC and neutral pH but readily dissolved as cationic polyelectrolytes in acidic media due to protonation of the tertiary amine residues. In addition, DNA was block copolymerized in turn with each of the other three tertiary amine methacrylate comonomers. These diblock copolymers could be dissolved molecularly without co-solvents in aqueous media at 20 degreesC, with micellization occurring reversibly on judicious adjustment of the solution pH, temperature or electrolyte concentration. In all three cases, stable block copolymer micelles were formed with DMA coronas and hydrodynamic diameters of 20-60 nm. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.