Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi mühendislik ve mimarlık fakültesi dergisi (online), vol.30, no.3, pp.441-453, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)
Recent advances in machine learning, particularly with regard to deep learning, help to recognize and classify objects in medical images. In this study, endoscopy images were examined and deep learning method was used to classify healthy and polyp cells. For the proposed system, a database was created from the archives of General Surgery Department Endoscopy Unit in Kutahya Evliya Celebi Training and Research Hospital. The database contains 93 polyps and 216 normal images from 54 archive records. For image multiplexing, a total of 1236 images were obtained by rotating each image 90 degrees around its axis. K-fold Cross Validation method was used to reduce the variability of performance results. In this study, 48 different models were created by using differe nt activation and optimization functions to find the best classification model in deep learning. According to the experimental results, it was observed that accuracy of the models depends on the selected parameters; the best model with the accuracy rate of 91% was obtained with 64 neurons in the hidden layer, ReLU activation function and RmsProp optimization method whereas the worst model with the accuracy rate of 76% was obtained with 32 neurons in the hidden layer, Tanh activation and RMSprop optimization functions. Accordingly, classification performance of polyp images can be optimized by utilizing different activation and optimization methods during the design of deep learning models.