Kaleci B., Turgut K.

Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi Mühendislik ve Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi, vol.29, no.3, pp.396-412, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)


In indoor environments, the detection of doors (open, semi-opened, and closed) is a crucial task for a variety of fields such as robotics, computer vision, and architecture. The studies that are addressed the door detection problem can be divided into three major categories: 1) closed doors via visual data, 2) open doors via range data, and 3) open, semi-opened, and closed doors via point cloud data. Although some successful studies have been proposed being detected doors via visual and range data under specific circumstances, in this study, we exploited point cloud data due to its ability to describe the 3D characteristic of scenes. The main contribution of this study is two-fold. Firstly, we mainly intended to discover the potential of point-based deep learning architectures such as PointNet, PointNet++, Dynamic Graph Convolutional Neural Network (DGCNN), PointCNN, and Point2Sequence, in contrast to previous studies that generally defined a set of rules depending on the type of door and characteristics of the data, Secondly, the OGUROB DOORS dataset is constructed, which contains point cloud data captured in the GAZEBO simulation environment in different robot positions and orientations. We used precision, recall, and F1-score metrics to analyze the merit and demerit aspects of these architectures. Also, some visual results were given to describe the characteristics of these architectures. The test results showed that all architectures are capable of classifying open, semi-opened, and closed doors over 98% accuracy.