The left lateral East Anatolian Fault Zone (EAFZ) is one of the most active major neotectonic structures of the Eastern Mediterranean region. The fault zone runs for a distance of about 550 km between Karliova in northeast and Mediterranean Sea in southwest. Several fault-parallel basins (such as Hazar and Golbasi basins) have been forming along the fault zone. The Golbasi basin is the largest basin along the EAFZ and it is located near the junction of the Celikhan-Erkenek and Golbasi-Turkoglu segments of the EAFZ. Different interpretations including pull-apart, fault wedge and fault ramp basin were made about the evolution of the basin in previous studies. Detailed mapping shows that the Celikhan-Erkenek and Golbasi-Turkoglu segments are connected by a releasing bend around Golbasi Lake. Our study also suggests that Golbasi basin was a wide river valley in which the Aksu River flowed and occupied by a large lake. The valley was blocked by a large landslide at least 31,600 +/- 00 years ago in the northeastern corner of the basin and as a result, the Aksu River was captured to the SW corner of the basin. Our scenario implies that the Aksu River valley is left laterally offset by the EAFZ about 16.5 +/- 0.5 km, which is the largest documented morphological offset on the EAFZ. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.