Evaluation of College Students'the Level of Addiction to Cellular Phone and Investigation on the Relationsship Between the Addiction and the Level of Depression


ÇAĞAN Ö., ÜNSAL A., ÇELİK N.

4th World Conference on Psychology, Counseling and Guidance (WCPCG), İstanbul, Turkey, 24 - 26 May 2013, vol.114, pp.831-839 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 114
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.12.793
  • City: İstanbul
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.831-839
  • Keywords: addiction to cellular phone, depression, college students, SLEEP DISTURBANCES, YOUNG-ADULTS, LIFE-STYLE, DEPENDENCE, SYMPTOMS, STRESS
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The study is a cross sectional study carried out on Osmangazi University Health High School students between 1st November and 31st December 2012. The study group consists of 700 students (%84.2). Problematic Cellular Phone Use Scale has been used for the evaluation of addiction to cellular phone and for the evaluation of the level of depression Beck Depression-Scale has been used. In the analysis of data, Ki-Sguare-test, Mann-Whitney U test and Spearman Correlation Analysis have been used. p<0.05 has been agreed as the value of statistical sifnificance. 579 (%82.7) people in the study -group are female and 121 (%17.3) people in it are male. The average of their age is 20.14 +/- 1.76 years (min:17, max:26). It has been established that the students in the type of A at the department of midwifery have much more addiction to the cellular phone (p<0.05 for each one). As the time of daily cellular phone use has increased, the level of addiction has increased. Also, it has been established that there is a negative correlation between addiction to cellular phone and academic-success and also a positive correlation between addiction to cellular phone and the level of depression. (p<0.05 for each one). Calling family members (%29.5) and sending text messages (%24.0) are the primary reasons to use cellular phone. Addiction to cellular phone among College students is a serious health-problem. The more the addiction has increased the more academic-success has decreased and intensity of depression has increased. (C) 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.