Removal of Pb(II), Cd(II), Cu(II), and Zn(II) from aqueous solutions by adsorption on bentonite

Bereket G., Aroguz A., Ozel M.

JOURNAL OF COLLOID AND INTERFACE SCIENCE, vol.187, no.2, pp.338-343, 1997 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 187 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 1997
  • Doi Number: 10.1006/jcis.1996.4537
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.338-343
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: No


Removal of Pb(II), Cd(II), Zn(II), and Cu(II) from aqueous solutions using the adsorption process on bentonite has been investigated, In order to find out the effect of temperature on adsorption, the experiments were conducted at 20, 35, and 50 degrees C. For all the metals, maximum adsorption was observed at 20 degrees C. The rate of attaining equilibrium of adsorption of metal ions follows the order Zn(II) > Cu(II) > Cd(II) > Pb(II). Equilibrium modeling of the adsorption showed that adsorption of Pb(II), Cd(II), and Cu(II) were fitted to a Langmuir isotherm, while the adsorption of Zn(II) was fitted to a Freundlich isotherm, Dynamic modeling of the adsorption showed that the first order reversible kinetic model was held for the adsorption process, The overall rate constant k', the adsorption rate constant k(1), the desorption rate constant k(2), and the equilibrium constant K-e for the adsorption process were calculated, From the results of the thermodynamic analysis, standard free energy Delta G(0), standard enthalpy Delta H-0, and standard entropy Delta S-0 of the adsorption process were calculated. (C) 1997 Academic Press.