Associated factors with urogenital score in natural and surgical menopause

Hassa H., Tanir H. M., Yildirim A., Senses T., Oge T., Mutlu F.

Maturitas, vol.52, no.1, pp.65-69, 2005 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 52 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.maturitas.2004.12.005
  • Journal Name: Maturitas
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.65-69
  • Keywords: Greene Climacteric Scale, Menopause, Quality of life, Urogenital score
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


Objective: To anticipate the factors associated with urogenital symptoms in both natural and surgical menopause. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed comprising 267 cases with spontaneous menopause and 87 surgical menopause cases without any use of hormone replacement therapy. Sociodemographic characteristics, reproductive and medical history, urogenital scale and psychological subscale of Greene Climacteric Scale were assessed and correlated with the age of menopause, time past since last menstrual period, parity, body mass index (BMI), mode of delivery among two groups. Results: Mean age of women enrolled to the study were 46.8 ± 0.3 years and 44.4 ± 0.25 years, for natural and surgical menopause cases, respectively. Mean parity had no correlation with urogenital scale in two groups. However, a positive correlation was apparent between the time since last menstrual period, psychological subscore of Green Climacteric Scale and urogenital score in both women with natural and surgical menopause. BMI was negatively correlated with urogenital score among two groups (rp = -0.85, p = 0.04). Conclusions: Intensity and frequency of urogenital symptoms and climacteric complaints as expressed in the Greene Climacteric Scale increase during menopausal transition. Care should be taken to ameliorate the quality of life (QOL) and to confront these problems in post-menopausal women. © 2005 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.