The effects of isosorbide dinitrate on methemoglobin reductase enzyme activity and antioxidant states

Inal M., Eguz A.

CELL BIOCHEMISTRY AND FUNCTION, vol.22, no.2, pp.129-133, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 22 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/cbf.1007
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.129-133
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: No


Isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) has been used in the treatment of ischaemic cardiovascular diseases for many years. ISDN is the most popular nitric oxide donor and causes methemoglobinemia as an important side-effect. The purpose of this study was to examine antioxidant states and methemoglobin reductase activity after giving ISDN and ISDN plus vitamin E. Rats were divided into three groups according to the treatment: control group, ISDN group and ISDN plus vit. E group. We measured reduced glutathione in blood (GSH), plasma malondialdehyde (MDA), erythrocyte superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and NADH-dependent methemoglobin reductase activities. In the ISDN group, plasma MDA levels were significantly high compared to the control and ISDN + vit. E groups (p < 0.001). In the ISDN and ISDN + vit. E groups, blood GSH levels were higher than those of the control group (p < 0.05). Changes of SOD and GPx activities were. not significant. In the ISDN and ISDN + vit. E groups the erythrocyte catalase and NADH-dependent methemoglobin reductase activities were significantly higher than that in the control group (p < 0.001). We conclude that oxidant drugs such as ISDN need to be carefully used because of lipid peroxidation and methemoglobinemia. These findings support the notion that vitamine E protects tissues against oxidative stress. Copyright (C) 2004 John Wiley Sons, Ltd.