Dicle Tıp Dergisi, vol.42, no.1, pp.18-21, 2015 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of greater trochanteric bursitis and gluteus medius tendinopathy using ultrasound in patients with greater trochanteric pain and assess the value of the pain on resisted hip abduction and pain on resisted hip internal rotation in predicting the presence of gluteus medius tendinopathy.
Methods: The study was a retrospective analysis of 75 patients with greater trochanteric pain. The physical examination records were identified as pain on resisted hip abduction and hip internal rotation. After observing physical examination records, presence of greater trochanteric bursitis or gluteus medius tendinopathy were assessed in documented ultrasound findings.
Results: Of the 75 patients with greater trochanteric pain, trochanteric bursitis was found in 41.4% of patients, gluteus medius tendinopathy was found in 20% of patients. A significant difference was found in both presence of pain on resisted hip abduction and internal rotation between patients with gluteus medius tendinopathy and patients with other abnormalities in favor of gluteus medius tendinopathy.
Conclusion: In order to determine the etiology of greater trochanteric pain, physical examination and ultrasound imaging is important, especially examination of pain on resisted hip abduction and hip internal rotation is essential to detect gluteus medius tendinopathy.