Energy policies require cheap and continuous energy which is needed in Turkey for further development. Implementation of a successful energy policy requires political and economical institutions to take responsibility and to adopt adapt to changes easily. Energy policy generally consists of institutional structure, in which decisions related to technology, economy and energy are made, and also consists of supply-demand management in short term and planning in long term. Energy demand is closely related to social and economic structure of a society. In the long term development of energy demand, developmental structure of society (economic growth, life style, socio-economic factors), technological development and energy prices play important roles as determining factors. In this study, evaluation of most suitable fuel which can be used for residential heating was made using ANP with group decision-making. (c) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.