Development of Validated and Stability-Indicating LC-DAD and LC-MS/MS Methods for Determination of Avanafil in Pharmaceutical Preparations and Identification of a Novel Degradation Product by LCMS-IT-TOF

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MOLECULES, vol.23, no.7, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/molecules23071771
  • Journal Name: MOLECULES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: No


Avanafil (AVA), one of the most effective drugs prescribed for erectile dysfunction, is a pyrimidine-derivative PDE5 inhibitor. In the current work, new LC methods were developed and validated for quantitative determination of avanafil and qualitative determination of its degradation products. The quantitative determination of avanafil was carried out using liquid chromatography with photodiode array detection (LC-DAD) and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry LC-MS/MS methods, and fully validated according to the ICH Q2 (R1) guideline, while qualitative determination was performed using a liquid chromatography mass spectrometry-ion trap-time of flight (LCMS-IT-TOF) instrument. The separation of avanafil and its degradation products was carried out using the same reversed-phase chromatographic conditions, in which a second-generation C-18-bonded monolithic silica column (Chromolith((R)) High Resolution RP-18e, 100 x 4.6 mm, Merck KGaA) was used as stationary phase. Briefly, the methods enable quantitation of avanafil with high accuracy (recovery > 95%) and precision (RSD% < 2.0), within the ranges of 0.5-20 g/mL for LC-DAD and 150-6000 ng/mL for LC-MS/MS. In the forced degradation studies, over and above currently existing data, a new oxidation-based degradation product, whose predicted m/z is 367.1168, was identified and its structure was confirmed by high-resolution mass spectrometric analysis. As the main advantage, either an LC-DAD or LC-MS/MS instrument can be chosen for interference-free quantitation of AVA, according to the facilities in quality-control laboratories.