Geochemistry of the Zeolite-rich Miocene Pyroclastic Rocks from the Gordes, Demirci and Saphane Regions, West Anatolia, Turkey

Esenli F., KADİR S., Sans B. E.

GEOCHEMISTRY INTERNATIONAL, vol.57, no.11, pp.1158-1172, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 57 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1134/s001670291911003x
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1158-1172
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


The western Anatolian Miocene volcano-sedimentary basins in the Gordes, Demirci and Saphane regions host abundant heulandite/clinoptilolite (hul/cpt) bearing widespread zeolitized pyroclastic rocks. Lithostratigraphy of these zeolitic pyroclastic levels show comparable association. Petrography and geochemistry of all the samples show mainly rhyolithic and rhyodacitic character and ash size vitric tuffs. Polarized microscopy and X-ray diffraction determinations of the samples show composition of 55-95 wt % hul/cpt and accessory of smectite, illite/mica, opal-CT, quartz, K-feldspar, plagioclase and opaque minerals. Geochemical results obtained from the studied samples represent hul/cpt-rich facieses formed under the moderate alkaline conditions in these pyroclastic units. Correlation of geochemical results and concentration of hul/cpt in these pyroclastic rocks gives some chemical data on zeolitization process and on adsorption and ion-exchange character of hul/cpt type of zeolites. Depleted and enriched elements by zeolitization have similar ionic radii in general. Ca and H2O clearly increased, Si, Na and Si/Al ratio decreased in hul/cpt bearing Lower-Middle Miocene pyroclastic rocks of western Anatolia. Additionally, Sr, Nb, Th, Ni, Hf, Cs, Pb and Ta increased, and Zr, Co, W and most of the rare earth elements (REE) decreased in highly hul/cpt-rich pyroclastics.