A Subalternistic Perspective on the International Relations Discipline Through Migrants the Post-Colonial World Subalterns

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Kara E.

Diplomasi ve Strateji Dergisi, vol.3, no.2, pp.120-163, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 3 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Journal Name: Diplomasi ve Strateji Dergisi
  • Journal Indexes: Asos İndeks
  • Page Numbers: pp.120-163
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, Migrations to Europe during the post-colonial period and World War II were handled through the Subaltern Theory, which is a post-colonial approach. It has been tried to show that colonialist order practices change space and form due to the structure and approaches towards migrants in countries with the direction of migration. As the breaking point in which this change in space and form began to be seen and the global economic order changed, the post-1945 period, when the dates of the onset of decolonization and the new economic order after the Second World War almost overlapped, was chosen. In this context, migrants who make up at least one-fifth of the population of the European Union today are claimed as modern subalterns, and nation, nation-state, citizenship, nationalism, and European immigration policies, which are the subject of International Relations and International Relations discipline, are discussed within the framework of Subaltern Theory. Migration theories focus on specific issues such as the opportunities that cause migration, the push-pull model, group decision and cultural ties, related migration networks, cost-benefit calculations, the structure of the internal labor market, economic developments, etc. However, Subaltern Theory offers a broader and general view of migration. Therefore, the Subaltern Theory constitutes the focal approach of this study. This theory is the reason for choosing this theory in this study. In this study, in which the comparative literature review method is preferred among the qualitative research methods, it has been tried to show that the Subaltern Theory, which is mostly examined by the history theorists, can be an explanatory approach in the Discipline of International Relations.