Recombinant Production and Biochemical Characterization of Thermostable Arabinofuranosidase from Acidothermophilic Alicyclobacillus Acidocaldarius

Akkaya A., Ensari Y., Ozseker E. E., ÖZŞEN BATUR Ö., Buyuran G., EVRAN S.

Protein Journal, vol.42, no.4, pp.437-450, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10930-023-10117-5
  • Journal Name: Protein Journal
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.437-450
  • Keywords: Acidothermophilic enzymes, Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius, Arabinofuranosidase, Hemicellulolytic enzymes, Lignocellulosic biomass
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


The complete enzymatic degradation of lignocellulosic biomass requires the cooperative action of cellulosic, hemicellulosic, and lignolytic enzymes such as cellulase, xylanase, laccase, galactosidase, and arabinofuranosidase. Arabinofuranosidases (E.C, which belong to the glycoside hydrolase family of enzymes, hydrolyze the 1,3- and 1,5-α-arabinosyl bonds in L-arabinose- containing molecules. L-arabinoses are present in hemicellulosic part of lignocellulosic biomass. Arabinofuranosidases also play an important role in the complete hydrolysis of arabinoxylans. Analysis of the genome project and CAZY database revealed two putative arabinofuranosidase genes in the A. acidocaldarius genome. The aim of the study was cloning, heterologous expression, purification and biochemical characterization of the arabinofuranosidase enzyme encoded in A. acidocaldarius genome. For this purpose, the AbfA gene of the arabinofuranosidase protein was cloned into the pQE-40 vector, heterologously expressed in E. coli BL21 GOLD (DE3) and successfully purified using His-Tag. Biochemical characterization of the purified enzyme revealed that A. acidocaldarius arabinofuranosidase exhibited activity over a wide pH and temperature range with optimum activity at 45 ºC and pH 6.5 in phosphate buffer towards 4-nitrophenyl-α-L-arabinofuranoside as the substrate. In addition, the enzyme is highly stable over wide range of temperature and maintaining 60% of its activity after 90 min of incubation at 80 ºC. Through the bioinformatics studies, the homology model of A. acidocaldarius arabinofuranosidase was generated and the substrate binding site and residues located in this site were identified. Further molecular docking analysis revealed that the substrate located in the catalytically active pose and, residues N174, E175, and E294 have direct interaction with 4-nitrophenyl-α-L-arabinofuranoside. Moreover, based on phylogenetic analysis, A. acidocaldarius arabinofuranosidase exists in the sub-group of intracellular arabinofuranosidases, and G. stearothermophilus and B.subtilis arabinofuranosidases are close relatives of A. acidocaldarius arabinofuranosidase. This is the first study to report the gene cloning, recombinant expression and biochemical and bioinformatic characterization of an auxiliary GH51 arabinofuranosidase from an acidothermophilic bacterium A. acidocaldarius.