NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH SECTION B-BEAM INTERACTIONS WITH MATERIALS AND ATOMS, vol.241, pp.180-184, 2005 (SCI-Expanded)
The radiative strength function (RSF) is key for understanding nuclear reaction rates in areas ranging from astrophysics to radiochemical diagnostics. The RSF also provides a tool for understanding the characteristics of gamma-ray cascades. Unresolved transitions in nuclear deexcitation processes are best described by statistical properties such as the radiative strength function. The sequential extraction method developed at the Oslo Cyclotron Laboratory provides data for radiative strength functions for gamma-ray energies from I MeV to the neutron binding energy. The data are averaged over about 100 keV energy bin and normalized to the average total radiative width of neutron resonances. The radiative strength functions in all nuclei studied show a characteristic increase with increasing gamma-ray energy. However, the detailed structures in the radiative strength function for various nuclei show different behavior in various mass regions. In rare-earth nuclei, a resonance structure near 3 MeV is observed. For several lighter nuclei (A < 100), a large enhancement for low transition energies is observed. This unexpected phenomenon is not explained by existing theoretical models. Additional investigations using independent measurements are underway. The experiments and analysis methods will be described briefly. Experimental data for Fe, Sn, and Yb will be shown to illustrate the variety of behavior observed for the radiative strength function. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.