Seed treatments to overcome salt and drought stress during germination in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.)

Kaya M. D., Okcu G., Atak M., ÇIKILI Y., Kolsarici O.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF AGRONOMY, vol.24, no.4, pp.291-295, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.eja.2005.08.001
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.291-295
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: No


The treated seeds (control, KNO3 and hydropriming) of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) cultivar Sanbro were evaluated at germination and seedling growth for tolerance to salt (NaCl) and drought conditions induced by PEG-6000 at the same water potentials of 0.0, -0.3. -0.6, -0.9 and -1.2 MPa. Electrical conductivity (EC) values of the NaCl solutions were 0.0, 6.5, 12.7, 18.4 and 23.5 dS m(-1), respectively. The objective of the study was to determine factors responsible for germination and early seedling growth due to salt toxicity or osmotic effect and to optimize the best priming treatment for these stress conditions.