ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH, vol.26, no.23, pp.23279-23291, 2019 (SCI-Expanded)
The use of alunite as an adsorbent for the removal of dye was the aim of this report. Mixing the alunite with different salts may allow adsorption with higher efficiency. In the present study, the thermal decomposition productof alunite-potassium chloride mixture (TDPA-KCl) was used efficiently and inexpensively to remove Reactive Blue 49 (RB49) dye. The adsorption capacity of TDPA-KCl was found to be affected by pH, temperature, adsorbent amount, calcination temperature, dye concentration, and ionic strength. The highest RB49 adsorption yield was obtained at an initial pH of 2 and an equilibrium was reached within 20 min using80 mg of adsorbent. The most suitable kinetic model was found as the pseudo-second-order and compatible isotherm was determined as the Langmuir model. The optimum adsorption capacity was found as 119.10 mg g(-1) at 40 degrees C. G degrees, H degrees, and S degrees values were calculated. A positive value of H degrees stated that the adsorption is exothermic and spontaneous. In addition, G degrees showed a more negative value when temperature was increased. Column studies indicated that TDPA-KCl could be effectively used for five cycles without any loss inits desorption potential. Breakthrough studies also supported a favorable adsorption of RB49 onto TDPA-KCl. This study showed that TDPA-KCl is a practical, efficient, and inexpensive adsorbent to remove reactive dyes from wastewater.