COVID-19 in familial Mediterranean fever: Clinical course and complications related to primary disease


AVANOĞLU GÜLER A., YÜCE İNEL T., KAŞİFOĞLU T., COŞKUN C., KARADENİZ H., YILDIRIM D., ...More

MODERN RHEUMATOLOGY, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1093/mr/roac074
  • Journal Name: MODERN RHEUMATOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: Coronovirus-19 disease, familial Mediterranean fever, clinical course, complication, outcome
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Objectives To evaluate the impact of familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) features on the clinical course and outcomes of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and clinical course of FMF after COVID-19. Methods Consecutive FMF patients with COVID-19 were enrolled from three referral hospitals. Clinical features of FMF and detailed COVID-19 information were obtained from patient interviews and medical records. Results Seventy-three FMF patients were included in the study. 94.5% of patients had clinical symptoms of COVID-19. We found 24.7% hospitalization, 12.3% respiratory support, 4.1% intensive care unit admission, 6.8% complication, and 1.4% mortality rate in patients. The risk factors of hospitalization for respiratory support were male gender [OR: 7.167 (95% CI: 1.368-37.535)], greater age [OR: 1.067 (95% CI: 1.016-1.121)], and non-adherence to colchicine treatment before the infection [OR: 7.5 (95% CI: 1.348-41.722)]. One-third of patients had reported attacks after COVID-19. The patterns of triggered attacks were fever, peritonitis, pleuritis, transient arthritis, chronic knee mono-arthritis, and protracted febrile myalgia. Conclusions FMF characteristics were not associated with worse outcomes of COVID-19. Colchicine non-adherence was the risk factor of hospitalization for oxygen support. The rate of FMF attacks after COVID-19 is prominently increased, with some of them being protracted and destructive.