Influence of atmospheric pressure changes on dentin bond strength of conventional, bulk-fill and single-shade resin composites

Ata S. O. , Akay C., Mumcu E., Ata N.

DIVING AND HYPERBARIC MEDICINE, vol.52, no.3, pp.175-182, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 52 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.28920/dhm52.3.175-182
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE
  • Page Numbers: pp.175-182
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


Introduction: The purpose of this study was to investigate the dentin bond strength of composite resins in response to environmental pressure changes.
Methods: Ninety extracted human molar teeth were used. A mould (3 mm x 4 mm) was adapted on dentin, resin composites (conventional [n = 30] and single-shade composites [Ohmnicroma] [n = 30]) were filled in two increments of 2 mm. The bulk-fill composites (n = 30) were filled with one 4 mm increment. The specimens were stored for 30 days in artificial saliva. The specimens were exposed to hyperbaric pressure (283.6 kPa; 2.8 atmospheres absolute [atm abs]) or hypobaric pressure (34.4 kPa; 0.34 atm abs) once daily for 30 days and the control group was stored at atmospheric pressure for 30 days. The bond strength was tested with a universal testing machine and the failures were examined with a stereomicroscope and scanning electron microscope. Statistical analyses were performed using analysis of variance with post hoc tests, and the Weibull analysis.
Results: Regardless of environmental pressure changes, the bulk-fill composites showed the highest bond strength. There was no significant difference in bond strength between the hypobaric and atmospheric pressure (control) groups after 30 days in all resins. The hyperbaric group showed lower bond strength for bulk-fill composites than the control group.
Conclusions: Dentists experienced in diving and aviation medicine should definitely take part in the initial and periodic medical examinations of divers and aircrew to give appropriate treatment. Bulk-fill composite resins can be preferred in divers and aircrew due to high bond strength values.