The level of anxiety in infertile women whose ART cycles are postponed due to the COVID-19 outbreak


Creative Commons License

TOKGÖZ V. Y. , KAYA Y., TEKİN A. B.

JOURNAL OF PSYCHOSOMATIC OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/0167482x.2020.1806819
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF PSYCHOSOMATIC OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Psycinfo
  • Keywords: COVID-19, anxiety, postponement, ART, infertility, DEPRESSION, FERTILITY, DISTRESS, COUPLES, STRESS
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Aim This study evaluated the level of fear and anxiety related to the COVID-19 outbreak, in infertile women whose ART cycles were delayed due to the pandemic. Materials and methods An online survey was sent to women whose ART cycles were postponed due to the COVID-19 outbreak between April and May 2020. The study population were 101 participants. The main outcome measure is to determine the levels of fear and anxiety in infertile women by using the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-T and STAI-S) and Fear of COVID-19 scale (FCV-19S). The relationship of the COVID-19 outbreak with the willingness to go ahead with the desire for pregnancy was also assessed. Results The state-anxiety levels were significantly higher in women above 35 years (45.0 +/- 5.2 vs. 42.2 +/- 4.5,p = 0.006). Women with diminished ovarian reserve had a higher state-anxiety compared to other causes, but were not found to be significant (44.7 +/- 5.2 vs. 42.5 +/- 5.0,p = 0.173). Women who thought that the possibility of not being able to get pregnant was more important than being infected with the COVID-19 had higher anxiety levels than women who thought just the opposite. The diminished ovarian reserve and high duration of infertility were found to be significantly associated with higher anxiety levels (OR = 2.5,p < 0.05). The diminished ovarian reserve and previous ART failure significantly predicted the presence of clinical state-anxiety. Conclusion The state-anxiety was found to be higher in women whose cycles were postponed due to the outbreak and the presence of diminished ovarian reserve also significantly affected anxiety levels. Further research is needed to assess whether COVID-19 will have any impact on ART treatments in the next few years.